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Known in China, little known beyond (2) - Dwarkanath Kotnis ๆŸฏๆฃฃๅŽ


๐˜๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฉ๐˜ต ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜บ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ณโ€™๐˜ด ๐˜Š๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฏ๐˜ช๐˜ข๐˜ญ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜Š๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฎ๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ช๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜—๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜บ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜Š๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ข, ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ด ๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ญ-๐˜ฌ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜Š๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ข ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ธ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ด๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ง๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ ๐˜ธ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ช๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ญ๐˜บ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ถ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ฅ-๐˜ถ๐˜ฑ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜—๐˜ข๐˜ณ๐˜ต๐˜บ (1921) ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜—๐˜ฆ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆโ€™๐˜ด ๐˜™๐˜ฆ๐˜ฑ๐˜ถ๐˜ฃ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ค ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜Š๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ข (1949) ๐˜ธ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ญ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ค๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ธ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฌ๐˜ญ๐˜บ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ด โ€œ๐˜’๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ ๐˜Š๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ข, ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ต๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฌ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ๐˜ฏ ๐˜ฃ๐˜ฆ๐˜บ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅโ€


No single Indian has been more revered by Chinese people than a doctor, born from a middle class family in northern India more than 110 years ago, ๐——๐˜„๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ธ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ต ๐—ž๐—ผ๐˜๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜€ ๆŸฏๆฃฃๅŽ (1910-1942) came to China as a volunteer in an Indian physician team to provide medical assistance during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938. He first worked in Yan'an and then went to the anti-Japanese base area in North China where he acted as the physician-in-charge of the surgical department of the Eighth Route Army General Hospital.






He is remembered for his heroism, tireless persistence and human dedication as a battlefront doctor. In one long-drawn out battle against Japanese troops in 1940, Dr. Kotnis performed operations for up to 72 hours, without getting any sleep. He treated more than 800 wounded soldiers during the battle.


Dwarkanath Kotnis joined the Communist Party of China in July of 1942 and after the renowned ๐——๐—ฟ. ๐—ก๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ป ๐—•๐—ฒ๐˜๐—ต๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฒ passed away, he took over the post of the first president of the Bethune International Peace Hospital.


Dwarkanath Kotnis married Guo Qinglan in 1941 and they got one son in 1942. The hardship as a front-line doctor unfortunately took its toll and a series of epileptic seizures was fatal to him on 9 December 1942. He is buried at the Huabei Junqu Martyrs' Cemetery in Shijiazhuang, #Hebei Province, the same grounds where Dr. Norman Bethune is buried.





Upon his death in 1942, Chairman Mao Zedong mourned him by observing that: "The army has lost a helping hand, the nation has lost a friend. Let us always bear in mind his internationalist spirit." He continues to be revered every year by the Chinese people during the Qingming Festival, a day to commemorate ancestors and martyrs. The Chinese government continues to honour his relatives in India during every high-level official trip up till today. His relatives (primarily sisters) were visited in Mumbai by among others Premier Zhou En-Lai (1950) and Presidents Hu Jintao (2006) and Xi Jinping (2014).


He is remembered and tributed both in China and India, and movies made were made about his life in both countries.






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Read other episodes of "Known in China, little known beyond" here :


Known in China, little known beyond (1) - Isabel Crook


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#china #chinesehistory #chinesesociety #cpc2021

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