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  • Gordon Dumoulin

Newest UNESCO world heritage... the ancient maritime silk road's gateway...


New 2021 UNESCO World Heritage site

Quanzhou, cosmopolitan gateway of the ancient maritime silk road


๐—ค๐˜‚๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜‡๐—ต๐—ผ๐˜‚ (ๆณ‰ๅทžๅธ‚) was a vibrant ancient port in Fujian province, a maritime emporium during the Song and Yuan periods from 10th - 14th centuries AD and crucial gateway both outwards to the maritime trading routes and inwards to the vaste Chinese hinterland.





Generally less known today then its sister ๐—ซ๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—ป about 100km south, Quanzhou (often mentioned as Zaiton in old western literature) was long one of China's leading cosmopolitan cities, a thriving trading center for centuries with lots of cultures, religions and people from all over the world visiting, trading and living. It was visited by both ๐— ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ผ ๐—ฃ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—œ๐—ฏ๐—ป ๐—•๐—ฎ๐˜๐˜๐˜‚๐˜๐—ฎ and both travelers praised it as one of ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜€๐˜ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ด๐—น๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ผ๐˜‚๐˜€ ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐˜€ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—น๐—ฑ. In the 19th century Quanzhou was used by the British empire as official opium depot and Chinese entrance port to keep the opium out of Hongkong. The old town still breathes the cosmopolitan melting pot of different cultures and trade from centuries ago.





Today Quanzhou is still a vibrant metropolis with about 8 million inhabitants, known in China and abroad for its ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜‚๐—น๐˜๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ฒ๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฑ๐˜‚๐—ฐ๐˜๐˜€, the crafts of among others ๐˜๐—ฒ๐˜…๐˜๐—ถ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐˜€, and home to various industrial centers. Quanzhou has topped the Fujian province's GDP list for 22 consecutive years (with Fujian also being of the China's richest provinces).


Also amazing to see on the ๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿฌ๐Ÿฎ๐Ÿญ ๐—จ๐—ก๐—˜๐—ฆ๐—–๐—ข ๐—ช๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—น๐—ฑ ๐—›๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜ the extension of the Dutch Water Defense lines from my homeland the Netherlands, the Trans-Iranian railway connecting the Caspian Sea with the Persian Gulf (1927-1938) in Iran and the Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, along Madridโ€™s tree-lined Paseo del Prado Boulevard.





Read more about the new 2021 UNESCO World Heritage sites in below links :


https://whc.unesco.org/en/news/2317


https://whc.unesco.org/en/news/2318



#unescoworldheritage #china #quanzhou #fujian #xiamen #chinesehistory #chinesesociety #worldhistory


Picture sources : UNESCO, unsplash, CGTN, Sixthtone

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